RoTLD > FAQ


FAQ



How can I check a .ro domain name status?
A .ro domain status can be verified by checking the whois database from www.rotld.ro.
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How can I register a .ro domain name?
.ro Domain Registration procedure:
  • Check www.rotld.ro, in the menu please choose .ro Domain Registry-Register a New Domain, fill the box with the domain name you need without www. and select the suffix;
  • You'll receive an e-mail (at the e-mail specified by the requester in the domain registration form at "Billing Data") an invoice with payment details;
  • The domain will be activated, only after the payment is confirmed by the bank.
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Which are the payment methods?
  • wire transfer - the information you need are posted on the invoice sent by ROTLD after the domain registration request to the billing contact e-mail specified in the registration form;
  • card - the details you need are specified at www.rotld.ro, in the menu choose .ro Romanian Registry-Payments.
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Can I register a .ro domain for an unregistered firm? (a firm that is not created yet)
The right of use for a .ro domain name can be owned by a firm or a person that exist at the registration time, more detailes at the question "What means a .ro domain registration?".
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A .ro domain name can be owned by two entities?
No, only by one, firm or person.
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What means a .ro domain registration?
A .ro domain registration means to follow the entire domain registration procedure. After that the domain is registered and working only if the requester specified the DNS-es in the registration form, if not, it cand be added later, using the modification procedure form www.rotld.ro.
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What I have to do after the .ro domain is registered?
If the domain does not have the DNS-es specified, you can add them after you contact an ISP which is offering domain hosting services. If the domain already have the DNS-es, you have to contact their administrator (the ISP wich administrate them).
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Is there any option to choose whether to display the contact details or hide them from public?
No. The domain holder has no such option available. According to Romanian law "Legea nr.677/2001" on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, contact details of individuals should not be publicly displayed. The contact details of any other juridical entities which are not subject to the law above are publicly displayed.
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How can I change the domain right of use registrant (owner)?
The registrant of a .ro domain can be changed by following the domain right of use transfer procedure available at www.rotld.ro, in the menu choose .ro Domain Registry - Transfer Right of Use.
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What is happening with a .ro domain name that is not used?
The application for that domain name is not under ROTLD's jurisdiction, it may appear or not. If there is no an application on that domain name for a long time, doesn't mean that ROTLD will take action regarding this matter.
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Can I modify or change a .ro domain name?
According the ROTLD rules, a .ro domain name cannot be changed or modified, more details alailable to www.rotld.ro, choose in the menu .ro Domain Registry-Rules for Registration 26. .........A domain name is unic and cannot be modified after it has been registered. By modifying any character within a domain name you get another domain name which can be registered as a new domain name, after sending the registration application and making the required payment.
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How many characters can contain a .ro domain name?
According the ROTLD rules, a .ro domain name may contain 63 characters the most without the .ro, store.ro, com.ro ... etc suffix, more details alailable to www.rotld.ro, choose in the menu .ro Domain Registry-Rules for Registration 26. Acceptable characters allowed for domain names are alpha-numeric characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9) and dash (-). A domain name cannot begin or end with a dash. We recomend you to use only lower case characters, because domain names are case insensitive. A domain name must have less than 63 characters, not including the suffix .ro, .com.ro, .info.ro, .store.ro etc. ................
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When is possible to cancel an unpaid .ro domain name registration request?
An unpaid .ro domain name registration request cannot be canceled by any request.
A new application for registration of a .ro domain name, will be possible only after a period of 32 days, when the current application is automatically deleted and the domain is becoming free for registration, under "first come, first served" rule.
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Where can I add/changed/remove the DNS (name server or domain hosting)?
The domain name server(s) can be added/changed/removed with the on-line administration tool available at www.rotld.ro, left menu, Domain Administration, On Line.
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Where can I modify/update the domain name registrant (owner) contact details?
The domain name registrant (owner) contact details can be modified/update with the on-line administration tool available at www.rotld.ro, left menu, Domain Administration, On Line.
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How can I recover my password?
If the domain was registered without a password or the password is lost, it can be recovered by using the "Password reset" section.
If this e-mail address is not a valid one, you can change it according the procedure posted at www.rotld.ro, .ro Domain Registry - Domains Administration - Change Email Holder.
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How long will take a DNS update to propagate?
The propagation time is between 4 hours minimum and the next day the modfication request has been confirmed.
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How can I ask to delete (release) a .ro domain already registered and active?
The deletion procedure is posted at www.rotld.ro, in the menu choose ".ro Domain registry - Delete Domain".
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How can i get the domain list that I hold?
There is not ROTLD's compulsoriness to hold domain names lists for every domain right of use owner (individual or company). Every domain holder have to keep their own domain names evidence.
ROTLD can offer this service only if the domain name list requester firmly specify the search criteria, such as domain right of use name.
ROTLD assumes no responsibility if the resulted domain names list is incomplete in case that search criteria is incorrect.
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What do the states of the .ro domain names?
The .ro domain names states are:
  • DeleteProhibited: domain cannot be deleted;
  • Hold: domain is not published to the DNS .ro file;
  • Locked: domain cannot be updated, except for updating its nameservers or hosts;
  • RenewProhibited: domain cannot be renewed;
  • TransferProhibited: domain cannot be transferred;
  • UpdateProhibited: domain cannot be updated;
  • RegistrantTransferProhibited: trade is prohibited;
  • Reserved: domain cannot be updated and is not published to the DNS .ro file;
  • RegistrantPendingTransfer: trade procedure is opened;
  • PendingDelete: the domain will be deleted in the near future. The domain cannot be updated and is not published to the DNS .ro file.
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When can a payment made with a banking card be deemed as concluded?
Attention! A payment by card is deemed as concluded only when filling and submitting the payment form returns no error messages, and you have received the payment confirmation through e-mail.
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How can I pay on-line using a banking card when registering a .ro domain through ghiseul.ro?
Payment of the invoice for registering a .ro domain can be done on-line using a banking card at www.rotld.ro, section .ro Domain Registry - On-line Payments.
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What is DNSSEC?
DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) is an extension of the name system in Internet (DNS), with the purpose of securing this protocol by using crypto algorithms.
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What benefits brings DNSSEC?
DNSSEC protocol provides protection against attacks such as "DNS cache poisoning" providing the authentication of DNS data origin, the guarantee of the data integrity and authentication of non-existence of domains but it offers no privacy of the DNS data which remains unencrypted just like before activating DNSSEC.
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How does DNSSEC works?
DNSSEC uses asymmetric crypto algorithms. Through the usage of DNSSEC, all recordings of a domain from the DNS zone are digitally signed and published aside these signatures. The public crypto keys are distributed as well by using the DNS system. The Client (resolver) that validates the DNSSEC data, uses the root server’s public key that is considered to be secure and follows through all the DNS levels for the name’s chain authentication. Every domain signed with DNSSEC must have at parent a DS (Delegation Signer) type record so that a client that resolves the name to be able to verify the trust chain.
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How to deploy DNSSEC for your .ro domain?
For the DNSSEC activation, a domain owner will use a specialized software for zone signing of a particular domain, will publish the signed zone on the name servers associated to a particular domain and will update the DS (Delegation Signer) records at ROTLD Registry. The domain owner is responsible for maintaining a valid DNSSEC zone for the domain by periodic resigning the zone. Also it is recommended to rotate the signing keys according to DNSSEC best practices.
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Which are the DNSSEC parameters used for the .ro zone?
The .ro zone uses a key signing key (KSK) with 2048 bits and a zone signing key (ZSK) with 1024 bits. The key signing key (KSK) is rotated every 12 months and the zone signing key every 3 months. The KSK and ZSK generated signatures are valid for 30 days. For the zone signature it is used the OPT-OUT with NSEC3 flag.
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What kind of values for DS (Delegation Signer) are accepted for .ro domains?
The ROTLD registry accepts the following values for registering DS:
- Key algorithm: 3 (DSA/SHA-1), 5 (RSA/SHA-1), 6 (DSA-NSEC3-SHA1), 7 (SASHA-NSEC-SHA1), 8 (RSA/SHA-256), 10 (RSA/SHA-512), 12 (GOST R 34.10-2001), 13 (ECDSA Curve P-256 with SHA-256), 14 (ECDSA Curve P-384 with SHA-384)
- Hash type: 1 (SHA-1) si 2 (SHA-256)
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